Role of Botanic Conservation Gardens
We are losing the world plant cover at an increasingly worrying rate which is reducing the ecosystem this is mainly as a result of devastating human activities putting some plant species at risk of extinction. Some of the activities that are contributing to the destruction of the plants’ species include over-harvesting, poor forestry practices, environmental pollution, climatic changes, urbanization, and exotic invasive plant species and many other vicious human activities. Plants play a vital role in our lives given that they are responsible for cleaning the air we breathe, source of food, medicine as well source of beauty and home to many animal species, therefore, we need to up our efforts to design integrative approaches that are focused on plant conservation particularly the rare species that are facing extinction. To ensure survival and protection of endangered plant species, universities, research institutions, and private entities have turned on botanic gardens which plays a central role in protection and conservation of these plant species both for human and research purpose. There are a variety of reasons why plant botanic gardens have become popular today to learn more continue reading the article.
One thing is the benefits of botanical gardens to human, today there is an estimated 2500 plants botanical gardens in the world with more than 6 millions accessions of living plants which is about one-quarter of vascular plant species on earth, therefore, these plant botanical gardens plays a central role in ex-situ conservation and exploration of the global plant diversity.
Plant botanical gardens are at the heart of many branches of scientific research, this is because they provide a variety of species from which scientists can get valuable information by collecting data that can help them understand things such as phonological indications due to climate change, plant-animal interactions, plant physiology of variety of species many more data that can help them devise improved species or new farming tactics. Botanical gardens can also provide plant information that contributes to a strong understanding of their functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
The vital role of plant botanic conservation is in the understanding of the threatened plant species, this is made possible by the huge presence of plant species in the botanic garden, botanic garden conservation contribute to the protection, maintenance, and support of threatened plant species mainly through ex-situ conservation which is mainly conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat. Those are some of the main reasons why botanical gardens are emerging today, other important reasons include the desire to spread awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the importance of protecting the earth’s plant covers.